Signature of term of cooperation between SPVS and the Municipality of Antonina marks the union of efforts for conservation of nature in the municipality
The Municipality of Antonina and the Society for Wildlife Research and Environmental Education (SPVS) signed a Technical and Scientific Cooperation Agreement on Thursday (8). The signing of the document establishes a partnership between the City Hall and the Civil Society Organization for joint actions in the areas of environmental conservation and education in the municipality. Another focus of the initiative is that the institutions collaborate to strengthen the management of Conservation Units (UC), since the city is located in a priority area for the preservation of the Atlantic Forest, known as Lagamar Mosaic.
“This UC set protects important stretches of the largest continuous remnant of Atlantic Forest still in good conservation status in Brazil,” explains Clóvis Borges, SPVS executive director. Two of the reserves administered by the institution are located in Antonina. Together, the Guaricica Nature Reserve and the Águas Natural Reserve add up to approximately 12,000 hectares of protected native vegetation. The latter houses important springs and springs for the city, from where the water that supplies 17 thousand people, almost 87 90% of the population of Antonina, is captured.
According to Borges, the collaboration of the city hall indicates that the public power is aware of the relevance of the preservation of the remnants of natural areas. “It is fundamental that the rulers do not see investment in conservation of nature as an expense, but rather as an investment in the quality of life of all society,” he says. In addition to the benefits generated by Conservation Units, such as water supply, soil fertility, slope protection, climate regulation and reducing the impact of climate change, these preserved areas also attract investments for ecotourism, for example, economy of the region.
The Ecological ICMS is a legal mechanism adopted by some state governments to value the existence and maintenance of Conservation Units. In Paraná, 5% of the ICMS (Tax on Circulation of Merchandise and Services) collected is destined to the municipalities that shelter areas of springs and Conservation Units in its territory. For the calculation of the transfer, the Law considers factors such as the size of the protected area, degree of investment in the area, scientific research in the reserves and quality of management of the Units. In 2016, Antonina received R $ 5,782,679 in onlendings via Ecological ICMS, which represented 12% of the total collection of the city in the same year. Today, there are eight Protected Units with an area within the territory of the municipality between public and private reserves, totaling more than 25 thousand hectares of areas conserved in the region, as well as 45 thousand hectares within the APA of Guaraqueçaba.
Controversy on the coast of Paraná
The signing of the Term of Technical and Scientific Partnership shows that it is possible to combine nature conservation with socio-economic development for municipalities. The action is only a small step taken in front of other actions that can and should be developed and that manage resources to the municipalities, quality of life and well being to the local population, in addition to guaranteeing biodiversity preservation.
On the other hand, other municipalities of the coast of Paraná generate controversy by trampling rules for approval of works that destroy the Atlantic Forest under the argument that they are favoring local development. Among these works are the installation of a private port in front of Ilha do Mel and the construction of an infrastructure strip to connect to the port. Ilha do Mel, as well as Antonina, is inserted in the largest remaining part of the biome in Brazil in good condition.
For the protection of this natural heritage, civil organization, private and non-governmental institutions and academia have united and created defense movements. Learn more about these actions and participate: