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Red-tailed Amazon Parrot Conservation Project

Implemented in 1998 along the northern coast of Paraná and expanding to the southern coast of São Paulo since 2013, the Red-tailed Parrot Conservation Project plays a vital role in preserving the species within its natural habitat, the Atlantic Forest. The Project is aligned with the National Action Plan (PAN) for the Conservation of Parrots until 2023 and the current Atlantic Forest Birds PAN.

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Through continuous efforts by SPVS and its partners, significant improvements in the survival conditions of the species have been observed, leading to a reduction in its threat level. However, this does not imply that the species is entirely secure. On the contrary, it still requires ongoing conservation measures to prevent it from reappearing on the National List of Endangered Species. Thus, it remains crucial to sustain the project, which currently supports an estimated population of around 9,000 birds, confined to the Atlantic Forest Great Reserve region.


Foto: Rafael Rivera ©

The Red-tailed Parrot Conservation Project is dedicated to protecting these animals in their natural habitat. Engaging in the trade or purchase of this species is considered an environmental offense and may potentially constitute animal trafficking with fines and imprisonment (Lei nº 9.605/98).

About the species

The red-tailed amazon parrot (Amazona brasiliensis) is an endemic species of the Atlantic Forest, meaning it is found exclusively within this biome, spanning from the southern coast of São Paulo (SP) to the coast of Paraná (PR). However, its population is significantly affected by habitat destruction and the illegal capture of its chicks. As a result, the species has been listed as Vulnerable on the National List of Endangered Species by the Ministry of the Environment (MMA) for many years.

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Why should I support this initiative?

Protecting this species requires a comprehensive approach that not only benefits the red-tailed parrot's natural habitat and local communities but also contributes significantly to scientific research. Collaboration between SPVS, companies or funding organizations, public authorities, surrounding communities, and researchers is essential for the success of the project.

Over two decades of research and monitoring have demonstrated that the red-tailed parrot presents a tangible opportunity for economic development in the surrounding areas. Apart from providing employment opportunities for locals in technical roles and offering regular training for students, educators, and public servants, there is also considerable potential for developing high-quality ecotourism focused on observing parrot flocks.

Government authorities stand to benefit significantly from the conservation of natural areas within their municipalities. This conservation effort can lead to various opportunities, including the return from programs like the Ecological Fiscal Transfer Program ("ICMS-Ecológico") and the promotion of socio-economic development. For research institutions, the project offers a valuable platform for the exchange of knowledge. Moreover, the project has the potential to stimulate local tourism. Through field observations, it becomes possible to identify optimal locations and times for birdwatching while recommending practices to minimize impact on the species. Birdwatching has gained popularity both in Brazil and globally, proving to be economically lucrative, particularly for residents living near Conservation Units.

Financing institutions, in turn, can leverage the project and its supported actions to showcase their commitment to the environmental agenda. This involvement can engage their employees, clients, and partners in conservation efforts, earn points in certifications like the LIFE Certification, and promote tangible, long-term environmental results.
Are you interested in supporting this Project? Please don't hesitate to contact us with any questions you may have or to discuss how to initiate partnership proposals.



The Program integrates biological research, population and reproductive monitoring, management, and education for nature conservation. It also provides institutional support and fosters integration between inspection bodies, non-governmental institutions, research, and education. Here are three essential actions for the conservation of the species:


Nest monitoring

Red-tailed parrots have a preference for nesting in old trees. However, during breeding site monitoring, it was observed that nests were frequently knocked down by wind and rain, exacerbated by illegal logging in the forest. To address this issue, wooden and PVC nests were installed in Paraná in 2003, followed by installation in the state of São Paulo. The parrots responded positively to this management action, leading to the success of SPVS's initiative to boost reproduction. The birds have adapted remarkably well to the artificial nests, with the majority of nests installed at key breeding sites being occupied by parrots each year.

This monitoring has significantly enhanced the security of breeding sites and has become essential in combating illegal trade and trafficking of the species, ensuring its survival in the wild. From October to March, professionals conduct thorough monitoring during the breeding season, from the laying of the first eggs to the fledging of the last chicks. They observe their development, record measurements, assess the health of the birds, document parental care behaviors, and search for new nests in the wild.

Since the inception of the project, over 1,800 chicks have hatched. Among these, more than 1,000 chicks have successfully fledged - individuals that have managed to take flight and leave their nests. The reproductive success rate varies from year to year due to factors such as climatic variations, food availability, and changes in habitat resulting from deforestation or chick theft. Nonetheless, the team strives to contribute to the development and reproductive success of the population in every possible way.


Annual population census

An important measure of the red-tailed parrot population's sustainability in the wild is the population census, which involves counting individuals to determine the minimum population size. Some key outcomes achieved through this census include: regular monitoring of the minimum population size across the species' distribution range (an indicator); understanding the dynamics of the parrot populations at various roosting sites; involving local residents in research and conservation efforts; fostering collaboration among researchers; training students; and promoting awareness about nature conservation.

The most recent census conducted across the entire distribution area in 2018 revealed a total of 9,112 parrots. Notably, 80% of these were found along the northern coast of Paraná state, totaling 7,366 individuals. Additionally, 1,746 parrots were recorded in the five municipalities along the south coast of São Paulo.

The 2019 population census of the red-tailed parrot, covering only the state of Paraná, documented a population of 7,493 birds. Analysis of data from 2003 to 2019 indicates a stable population trend along the coast of Paraná, with recorded population increases over the years. This underscores the effectiveness of efforts aimed at protecting the species and its habitat, yielding significant results.

Monitoring efforts have identified key areas where parrots seek shelter and food. The highest concentrations are observed at roosts within Superagui National Park and the islands of Rasa, Mel, and Rasa da Cotinga. Surrounding these roosts, parrots extensively utilize nearby areas for foraging, with the plains in the municipality of Pontal do Paraná being a preferred location, attracting over half of the population at certain times of the year. In the municipality of Guaratuba, situated at the southernmost edge of the species' range, a small population has been monitored. However, in Santa Catarina, there has been no record of the animal for more than five years.

Despite the stability of the population, the prospect of commercial development along the coast of Paraná, particularly in lowland regions, poses a significant threat to the species.

The Vinaceous-breasted Amazon

Building on the success of its efforts with the red-tailed parrot, SPVS has expanded its activities to include monitoring and conservation initiatives for the Vinaceous-breasted parrot (Amazona vinacea). This species is heavily targeted for illegal trade, leading to a decline in its population across various regions. Classified as Vulnerable on the National List of Endangered Species, urgent measures are needed to reverse this trend. To address the challenges facing the Vinaceous-breasted parrot, the project focuses on several key activities. This includes actively searching for nesting sites and monitoring nests, with the support of local residents, to prevent chick theft. Conservation education programs are also conducted to raise awareness about the species and its conservation needs. Additionally, the project monitors population movements within Araucaria Forest areas spanning the states of São Paulo and Paraná. The gathered information aids in identifying priority sites crucial for shelter, feeding, and reproduction, while enhancing understanding of the species' behavior. Moreover, partnerships are strengthened with management teams of protected areas, inspection bodies, and other conservation projects, such as the Vinaceous-breasted Parrot Conservation Program and the Parrots of Brazil initiative.


Be aware: wild animals belong in the wild

Animal trafficking represents a significant threat to biodiversity and ecosystem balance, besides being a conduit for diseases entering society. Despite appearing distant to some, it ranks as the third largest illegal activity globally, trailing only drug and arms trafficking.

According to the National Network to Combat Trafficking in Wild Animals (Renctas), an alarming estimate suggests that around 38 million animals are extracted from the wild in Brazil annually.

Please be aware and remain vigilant: the trafficking or illegal sale of wild animals should be reported to the appropriate authorities. Call: 0800 61 8080 - IBAMA. 



This project has the support of the University of São Paulo (USP)

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